Did you ever think electric vehicles (EV) would be one of the solutions to the world's problems? In reality, the EV itself may be beneficial but the materials that are used to create the vehicle are harming the environment. The building blocks for EV are lithium, cobalt, and nickel. These critical minerals may sometimes be limited to certain locations. As the demands for products needed for a clean economy increase, there’s a possibility that there might not be enough supplies. To achieve net-zero greenhouse gases worldwide by 2050, mining needs to increase the production of critical minerals by six times. If at one point there’s a mineral shortage, a clean energy shortage would follow.
A factor of EV that’s being looked into is the battery for the car. The lifecycle of the battery can cause harm to the environment before and after being used. Currently, those that are being created are not being designed to be recyclable. This was not seen as an issue until there was an increase in demand. Due to the design, trying to recycle an EV battery would be hazardous. For example, the batteries used for Teslas will short-circuit, combust, and release toxic fumes if not recycled properly. As times are changing, many are wondering how millions of batteries will be recycled over the next couple of decades. If the batteries are placed in landfills, there are chances of the release of toxins including heavy metals.
To counteract the effects of EV batteries, tracing the materials across the supply chain can be done. With tracing, one can observe all of the sources involved with creating the product that’s being used. If you would like to have your company trace its materials and look at the carbon allocation, AMLY Sustainability would be able to fulfil your needs. Our services would allow you to see how sustainable you are.
By Kyra Bassett Marketing Intern AMLY Sustainability
July, 23 2021